At UN debate Latin American ministers call for Security Council reform veto

“I would like to reiterate our opposition to the veto,” Chile’s Foreign Minister, Alfredo Moreno Charme, said of the prerogative of the five permanent members of the 15-member body – China, France, Russia, United Kingdom and United States – whereby a negative vote from one of them can override the affirmative votes of all 14 others.“However, given that it exists, Chile joins the call that there be no recourse to it in situations of crimes against humanity, war crimes, genocide or ethnic cleansing,” he told the 67th Assembly on the fourth day of its annual General Debate, taking place at UN Headquarters in New York.“The countries which enjoy the right of veto a great responsibility and the duty to use it with moderation and transparency in order to try to resolve crises, leaving aside national positions and ideologies which checkmate the system and make it ineffectual,” he said. The Foreign Minister reiterated his country’s support for expanding the Council with both permanent and non-permanent seats so that it ensures due regional representation, strengthens the body and enforces transparency of its work methods. Peru’s Foreign Minister, Rafael Roncagliolo Orbegoso, also highlighted the need for reform in his statement to gathered delegates. “We need the United Nations… to overcome the current architecture of the post-war world of 1945,” he said. “The current scenario demands a greater presence of developing countries in taking responsibility for preserving peace and security. We regret the limited progress in negotiations on this subject.”Foreign Minister Rafael Roncagliolo Orbegoso of Peru.He noted that the current structure, with the five permanent Council members wielding veto powers, had been unable to resolve a number of international disputes.Among these, he included the ongoing conflict in Syria, the plight of the Palestinian people, economic sanctions imposed on Cuba, and the stand-off between the United Kingdom and Argentina over the issue of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).“To overcome these and other shortcomings and deficiencies of the current international order, it is urgent to adopt measures within our own organization,” he said. “The most urgent one being probably the reform of the Security Council, designed to transform this body into a more efficient, transparent, democratic and representative forum.”The Foreign Minister emphasized his country’s “faith” in multilateralism, saying his country has demonstrated this, not least through its adherence to international conventions. Among several examples of what he described as Peru’s continuing “commitment to multiculturalism and integration,” he cited his country’s term, since June, chairing the Presidency Pro Tempore of the South American Union of Nations (UNASUR).“We want to consolidate South America as a zone of peace and of viability of a democratic citizenship without exclusions,” he said. “It is already a nuclear weapon-free zone, and we hope that it soon comes to be free from anti-personnel mines. We need that the money currently spent in arms be redirected towards development and the defeat of poverty and inequality.”The two Foreign Ministers are among scores of world leaders and other high-level officials presenting their views and comments on issues of individual national and international relevance at the Assembly’s General Debate, which ends on 1 October. read more

RUC sergeant shot dead could have been saved if he was warned

first_imgSergeant Campbell should have been warned, which would have allowed him to vary his routine. Police could have mounted visible police patrols in the area and if necessary posted him to an area where the threat would have been diminished or removed. None of this was donePSNI Deputy Chief Constable Alistair Finlay said that the Ombudsman’s report “makes difficult reading”.“It is clear there were significant shortcomings in the RUC handling of information prior to the murder and in both subsequent police investigations into Sgt Campbell’s murder. And for that, I am truly sorry,” he said.More than 30 retired RUC officers provided information to the Police Ombudsman as part of the report but Finlay noted his disappointment that “a number of retired officers felt unable to engage with this Police Ombudsman’s investigation”.Read: Ombudsman finds ‘no evidence’ that RUC involved in murder attempt on Gerry Adams >Read: Gerry Adams: ‘Laissez faire’ comments reflect what is recorded by Smithwick Tribunal > THE MURDER OF a Catholic RUC officer in 1977 could have been prevented by senior officers a report by the North’s Police Ombudsman has concluded.The report into the death of Sergeant Joe Campbell has found that the RUC were aware of specific threats to his life but did not warn him about it.Futhermore, the report found that warnings about the threats were not passed on to detectives who investigated his subsequent murder.Sgt Campbell was shot on the evening of 25 February 1977 as he locked the main gates of the Cushendall Police Station in Co Antrim and died a short time later.In his report, Police Ombudsman Dr Michael Maguire said that senior police officers throughout the RUC were aware of documented concerns over Sgt Campbell’s life and “failed to act upon them”:last_img read more