JPL’s Role in Making ‘The Martian’ a Reality

first_img Community News Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Top of the News Make a comment EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Subscribe Science and Technology JPL’s Role in Making ‘The Martian’ a Reality From STAFF REPORTS Published on Tuesday, October 6, 2015 | 11:03 am Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy center_img First Heatwave Expected Next Week HerbeautyBaby Boom: The Stars Are Getting Busy In QuarantineHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty12 Female Fashion Trends That Guys Can’t StandHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThese Fashion Tips Are Making Tall Girls The Talk Of The TownHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyPretty Or Not: 5 Things You Didn’t Know About BeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeauty More Cool Stuff faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Business News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * People and technology from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory aid fictional astronaut Mark Watney during his epic survival story in “The Martian.” Image credit: 20th Century FoxWhen fictional astronaut Mark Watney becomes stranded alone on the Red Planet in the novel and film “The Martian,” people and technology from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, play important roles in his castaway adventure. Acclaimed for its attention to scientific and technical detail, “The Martian” is steeped in decades of real-life Mars exploration that JPL has led for NASA.For more details about how NASA is focused on our journey to Mars, visit: are mild spoilers in the next section — if you haven’t read or seen “The Martian,” you might want to skip to the following section.)Supporting ‘The Martian’Perhaps most crucial to the story of “The Martian,” JPL designed, built and operated the Mars Pathfinder lander and its Sojourner rover, which landed on Mars in 1997 and operated for about three months. The hardy Pathfinder probe figures prominently into Watney’s ability to communicate with Earth and survive his long ordeal. One of the technical details “The Martian” gets right is that, just as in the story, the real Pathfinder had a reprogrammable computer that an astronaut could, in principle, plug into and control.The story also captures the famous can-do attitude of JPL engineers, who dive headlong into the challenge of helping communicate with the stranded astronaut and later, launching supplies to help keep him alive. And JPL’s celebrated ingenuity is on display in the navigator who comes up with the solution for how to bring the entire Ares crew home. Since the beginning of the Space Age, JPL has been the world leader in deep space navigation — from being first to conduct gravity assists around other planets to today’s daredevil flybys of Saturn and its moons by Cassini.Fictional JPL director Bruce Ng is a major supporting character in the story, and like the real JPL directors past and present, comes from a technical background. (The current real-life JPL director tends to dress a bit more formally, but has been known to sport a Hawaiian shirt from time to time.) However, while the heads of NASA, JPL and the agency’s Mars program are portrayed in the story as working through tough challenges on their own, their real-life counterparts rely on teams of scientists and engineers to help provide innovative solutions.In creating the film version of “The Martian,” producers turned to JPL for technical drawings and photos of Pathfinder, in order to accurately portray the historic spacecraft in the movie. The production team also visited JPL for research that would help them create a future version of the laboratory on film, down to the well-known informality of its culture. And cast member Jessica Chastain, who played Mars mission commander Melissa Lewis, visited JPL as part of preparation for her role.Paving the Way for the Real MartiansJPL is NASA’s leading center for robotic exploration of the solar system, and has provided a variety of orbiters, landers and rovers to help reveal the true nature of Mars. Similar to its efforts prior to the Apollo landings on the moon, NASA has been sending robotic spacecraft to Mars, in part, to better characterize the environment human astronauts might face when visiting the Red Planet. Thus, as NASA studies Mars to understand its potential habitability for simple forms of life — now and in the ancient past — its fleet of Mars missions is also paving the way for human journeys.Some of these robotic missions have found signs of water in the Martian subsurface that potentially could be exploited by astronauts for life support and growing plants for food, as well as making rocket fuel. NASA’s Curiosity rover has a detector, called RAD, which was designed to observe the radiation environment on the cruise to Mars and after the rover landed. These data are vital to understanding how astronauts need to be protected when they make the journey to Mars. And NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, with its powerful imaging camera, has mapped the planet at high resolution, allowing us to see Mars on a human scale as we plan for trips by astronauts.Looking forward, JPL is developing the technological capabilities to land payloads on the Martian surface larger than the one-ton Curiosity rover. These technologies include the Low-Density Supersonic Decelerator (LDSD) project, which is testing a mammoth parachute and a giant inflatable decelerator. LDSD is an important step toward landing payloads to support human missions, which will need a variety of massive provisions, including habitats packed with food and water, pressurized rovers, and rockets for returning to orbit from the Martian surface.JPL is also advancing precision landing technologies needed to place an autonomous Mars Ascent Vehicle, as featured in “The Martian,” in a desired location, years before the arrival of a human crew. The self-controlled landing of the Curiosity rover in 2012 was a major milestone on the path to this capability.And in addition to spacecraft missions to Mars, JPL manages NASA’s Deep Space Network — the vital communications link with spacecraft across the solar system, including those on Mars. The Network would also be used to keep in touch with future astronauts on deep-space voyages between Earth and Mars.Dare Mighty ThingsEarly in the film version of “The Martian,” as he works out how to survive on Mars, Watney mentions the founders of JPL, noting that they were daring students from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. Caltech still staffs and manages JPL for NASA. In recent years, the laboratory has adopted a quote from President Teddy Roosevelt — “Dare Mighty Things” — as its unofficial motto. That boldness lives on as JPL helps support NASA’s real-life journey to Mars.JPL manages NASA’s Mars program, along with the agency’s Mars Science Laboratory and its Curiosity rover, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and the LDSD project. 4 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Community Newslast_img read more

Brundidge seeks $400K grant to fund park playrgounds

first_img Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Email the author Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits By Jaine Treadwell Brundidge seeks $400K grant to fund park playrgounds Latest Stories Next UpTrawick said a similar event was held recently in Dothan and was very successful.The Imagi-Con would be much like a block party and be held at different venues throughout the city, Trawick said. “This idea for the Imagi-Con has been suggested by young people in our community and they are excited about the possibility. This will be a family-friendly benefit.”Trawick said the Imagi-con is an innovative idea for a small town. Sponsored Content Ideas that are being considered for the Imagi-Con include Cosplay, which is the act of dressing up as a character from a movie, book or video game.“We are also considering table-top gaming such as Dungeons & Dragons, You-Gi-Oh, Magic and Harry Potter,” Trawick said. “An Artist and Author Alley, martial arts and wrestling, Henna tattoos, panels, food demonstration and, for children, a magician, face painting and balloon art are also in the plans.The Imagi-Con would also include vendors with costumes, food, trinkets, movies, documentaries and Fanatics, music and more.Trawick said to be successful, the Imagi-Con would require the support of the council and the community and asked for the council’s support. Book Nook to reopencenter_img By The Penny Hoarder Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies Are… “The young people are pushing this old lady with this,” Trawick said with a smile. “But I always try to bend with the wind. We can’t get away from change and change can be good. Imagi-Con will be take a lot of planning and a lot of work but I think it will be good for Brundidge and I would rather try and fail than not try at all,” she said. Mayor Isabell Boyd expressed her support of the project proposed by the staff of the Tupper Lightfoot Memorial Library.Boyd proclaimed the week of November 3, 2019 through November 9, 2019 Cultural Arts Week in Brundidge.“During that week, the city will celebrate the importance of cultural arts as an essential element of community with events dedicated to promoting and showcasing the various cultural arts sectors,” Boyd said. “Our cultural arts sector not only provides direct and indirect benefits to the city, but also plays a decisive and critical role in community development, our quality of life and the understanding of our way of life.”Boyd said Brundidge is fortunate to have a diverse and variety of businesses, educators and artists dedicated to a variety of arts that educate, encourage and advance the arts in Brundidge.Upcoming events in Brundidge include the Pike County Homecoming parade at 2 p.m.  Friday and the Homecoming game with Opp at 7 p.m. The citywide Trick or Treat for children will be on the grounds of the historic Bass House at 5 p.m. on Halloween. The Brundidge City Council meets at 6 p.m. on the first and third Tuesdays of the month at Brundidge City Hall. The meetings are open to the public. Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration The Brundidge City Council voted Tuesday night to apply for a $400,000 Land and Water Conservation Fund Program grant to purchase and install playground equipment at Galloway and Ramage parks.  The funds could also be used to construct concession facilities and restrooms.Ashton Hutchison, community and economic development director for South Center Alabama Development Commission, said the grant is a 50/50 matching grant and the city’s match would be $200,000. Theresa Trawick, Tupper Lightfoot Memorial Library director, and Molly Casey, library board chair, presented a proposal for plans to host Imagi-Con in the city on Saturday, February 27, 2021. Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthRemember Them? I’m Sure Their New Net Worth Will Leave You SpeechlessbradofoThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel You Might Like PCBOE recognizes board members for state achievements Two members of the Pike County Board of Education were recognized at Monday’s board meeting for 2019 AASB School Board… read more Print Article Published 11:32 pm Wednesday, October 16, 2019last_img read more

Doctors share views on patients with disability

first_img Pulling disabilities out of the shadows Related Leaders of student organization launch publication and push to make their issue part of the conversation on diversity and inclusion AXIS pieces blend vision of artists who are disabled, those who aren’t Bucking assumptions about dancecenter_img The paper cites examples from Iezzoni’s and others’ research demonstrating that individuals with disabilities often receive inferior care. Many surgeons assume, for example, that women with early-stage breast cancer who use wheelchairs want a mastectomy instead of breast-conserving surgery, believing that women with disability don’t care about their appearance. And during the surge of the COVID pandemic in March, when resources such as ventilators were scarce, the Office for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services felt compelled to issue a warning to health care providers that people with disabilities should not be denied medical care on the basis of disability or perceived quality of life.The research is a wake-up call for physicians to recognize their biases so they don’t make erroneous assumptions about the values of patients with disability, thereby limiting their health care options and compromising care, said Iezzoni, a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. More than 80 percent of U.S. physicians reported that people with significant disabilities have worse quality of life than nondisabled people, an attitude that may contribute to health care disparities among people with disability, according to recent research published in the February issue of Health Affairs.The first-of-its-kind study surveyed 714 practicing physicians from multiple specialties and locations across the country about their attitudes toward patients with disabilities.“That physicians have negative attitudes about patients with disability wasn’t surprising,” said Lisa I. Iezzoni, lead author of the paper and a health care policy researcher at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). “But the magnitude of physicians’ stigmatizing views was very disturbing.”For more than 20 years, Iezzoni has studied health care experiences and outcomes of people with disability and is herself disabled by multiple sclerosis diagnosed in 1980, her first year in medical school.Only 40.7 percent of surveyed physicians reported feeling very confident about their ability to provide the same quality of care to patients with disabilities as their other patients received. And just 56.5 percent strongly agreed that they welcomed patients with disabilities into their practices. The physicians who reported being most welcoming to patients with disability were female and practiced at academic medical centers. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 requires that people with disability receive equitable health care.That most surveyed physicians did not give socially desirable answers about their perceptions of people with disability indicates their certainty in their beliefs, said Iezzoni. “We wouldn’t expect most physicians to say that racial or ethnic minorities have a lower quality of life, yet four-fifths of physicians made that pronouncement about people with disabilities. That shows the erroneous assumptions and a lack of understanding of the lives of people with disability on the part of physicians.”“Our results clearly raise concern about the ability of the health care system to ensure equitable care for people with disability,” added senior author Eric G. Campbell, professor of medicine and director of research for the Center for Bioethics and Humanities at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. “Studies of people with disability show that most don’t view their lives as tragic.” — Lisa I. Iezzoni “Studies of people with disability show that most don’t view their lives as tragic,” she added. “They’ve figured out how to get around in the world that wasn’t designed for them and view their lives as good quality.”The authors call for all levels of medical education, including continuing education for practicing physicians, to include training about disability. Currently, most medical schools don’t include disability topics in their curricula. Implicit Association Tests (which measure unconscious bias) related to disability can also raise physicians’ awareness of how their perceptions about disability may be affecting how they practice medicine.In future research, the investigators plan to explore the extent to which physicians’ perceptions about people with disability contribute to disparities in care, said Campbell. “Our ultimate goal is to ensure equality in care for people with disabilities.”Funding for this research was provided by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development.last_img read more

Watch Hamilton Get a Shout-Out in Will & Grace’s Reunion

first_imgSean Hayes & Debra Messing View Comments Hamilton is officially everywhere—even in a beloved sitcom from the ’90s and early 2000s. On the eve of the highly anticipated presidential debate on September 26, Will & Grace returned with a hilarious scene. Between bringing back our favorite characters and teeing off zingers about a slew of current events (Brangelina and Ryan Lochte even get mentions), the Internet has quickly gone into a frenzy about whether Will & Grace will come back for a revival (not unlike Gilmore Girls). That remains to be seen, but what Broadway alums Eric McCormack, Debra Messing, Sean Hayes and Megan Mullally have already given us is pretty fantastic; the fab four united ten years later as the highly quotable Will, Grace, Jack and Karen to discuss the 2016 election. Bask in the gorgeous nostalgia of the scene below and #VoteHoney!last_img read more

Clear Lake woman pleads not guilty to several charges after vehicle pursuit

first_imgMASON CITY —A Clear Lake woman accused of multiple charges after a vehicle pursuit in Mason City back in late May has pleaded not guilty.The Mason City Police Department says they were dispatched to Southbridge Mall shortly after 4:15 on the afternoon of May 29th on a report of a disorderly female. On arrival, dispatchers advised the officers that the female was operating a red truck and possibly was ramming it into the loading dock on the mall’s south side. The officers observed the truck leaving the scene and attempted to conduct a traffic stop, with a short vehicle pursuit ending when the suspect ran into backed up traffic at the intersection of State Highway 122 and South Pennsylvania. The woman abandoned the truck and fled on food, being arrested by officers about a block away.48-year-old Elizabeth Bitker was charged with carrying weapons, operating while impaired, eluding, interference with official acts, and assault on a peace officer causing injury.Bitker filed a written plea of not guilty last week in Cerro Gordo County District Court. He trial is scheduled to start on August 6th.last_img read more

Would it be such a surprise if Chelsea overcame Barca?

first_imgWhen Barcelona came to Stamford Bridge the general consensus from most neutrals seemed to be that the best team in the world had come to town and Chelsea stood no chance.But was that ever true? Chelsea had beaten Barcelona three times since 2000 and while the Catalans sweep most teams aside – including Manchester United in two of the last three Champions League finals – they have always found it a bit tougher against us.Well, it’s now four wins against them and Chelsea go to the Nou Camp with a lead and no away goals conceded.Can we finish the job? Nobody would claim it’s going to be easy and even many Blues fans probably secretly think Barcelona will emerge victorious.But if Chelsea can defend like we did in the first leg – and indeed in the game against Arsenal – Messi and Co will have to be on the top of their game to score the two goals they need.Chelsea’s entire team defended brilliantly against Barcelona, with Gary Cahill’s performance a highlight for me.He’s an experienced player and an England international, but he’d never played in the Champions League until two months ago and yet he looked totally at home up against Messi – the man some people call the best player ever.Of course, as so often, Messi was involved in the goal. It’s just that this time it was by being dispossessed by Frank Lampard for the start of the move that led to the goal by Drogba.For all the talk of Barcelona’s pressure and possession, and Chelsea’s heroic defending, it shouldn’t be forgotten that the best move of the night was the one which led to our goal.Lampard’s pass to Ramires was better than any played by any Barcelona player all night. Ramires’s cross to Drogba was hit while he was running at full pelt and yet he threaded it inch perfectly through four defenders and Drogba’s finish, with the ball behind him, was brilliant.He made it look easy, like he’s done in so many big games before.So is it a foregone conclusion that Barcelona will come back from the first leg deficit? Not necessarily.I’m sure Pep Guardiola was playing “mind games” when he said Chelsea were now favourites. But he might have had a point.  James Clarke is the author of Moody Blues: Following the second-best team in EuropeFollow James on Twitterlast_img read more

Frankie Montas reinstated from restricted list; Khris Davis out with sickness

first_imgANAHEIM — Khris Davis has stomach sickness, and will be out of Wednesday’s finale — back at his hotel room recovering — against the Los Angels Angels.The lineup that faces left-hander Andrew Heaney: SS Marcus Semien, RF Ramón Laureano, 3B Matt Chapman, 1B Matt Olson, CF Mark Canha, LF Chad Pinder, DH Jurickson Profar, 2B Sheldon Neuse, C Josh Phegley, RHP Frankie Montas.The A’s offense has hit a bit of a skid lately, with some bats on the precipice of a re-emergence as this regular season …last_img

Nelson scores 25 in second-half to key Redwoods win over Modesto

first_imgMen’s college basketball: Redwoods 83 Modesto 72Thomas Nelson scored 25 of his 29 points in the second-half to lead Redwoods to an opening-round win over Modesto, Thursday night at the John Hogue Memorial tournament at Mendocino College in Ukiah.Redwoods trailed 31-27 at the break. Head coach Ryan Bisio said it was his freshman point-guard, Zac Claus, who had the perfect plan for how to begin the second-half.“He had a great idea for a playcall,” Bisio said. “He lobbed it to (Nelson) for a …last_img

African leaders unite economies

first_imgSouth African president Kgalema MotlantheAnd Ugandan president Yoweri Museveniarriving at the Tripartite Summit inKampala. African leaders at the sitting of the firstmeeting of the three regional economicblocs.(Images: Daily Nation)Khanyi Magubane Heads of states of 26 African countries belonging to three economic regions across the continent, have resolved to merge the blocs into a single regional market.The first ever tripartite summit, held in Kampala Uganda on 21 October, brought together 26 leaders of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), the East African Community (EAC), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).All three regions have agreed to establish a free trade community and a single customs union.This will stretch from South Africa to Egypt and from the Democratic Republic of Congo to Kenya.South Africa’s President Kgalema Motlanthe represented the SADC region as its chairperson. He said that the launch of the free trade bloc would place the African continent in a stronger position to respond effectively to intensifying global economic competition.Speaking to delegates, Motlanthe said, “Our convening here today reflects a profound recognition that sustainable integration into the global economy requires a commitment to an irreversible process of building economic, political and social unity.”Motlanthe also emphasised the importance for African countries to have strong economic ties with each other in the wake of the current global financial crises sweeping through the west.“The process we have embarked on today marks an important step towards the realisation of building an economic bloc in today’s challenging world that will increase the levels of intra-African trade.”Kenyan Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Trade Uhuru Kenyatta, also echoed Motlanthe’s views and said that the tripartite conference has come at the right time when international financial markets are tumbling, “It is important to acknowledge that the global financial crisis, soaring oil and food prices may lead to the weakening of our economies and deterioration of the global economic outlook.”The merger, bound to create the largest free trade area in Africa, will in total, combining the three regions, represent a population of over 248-million people and have a combined Gross Domestic Product of R749-trillion (US$650 billion)The roll out planDuring the summit, it was revealed that the three blocs would have a single airspace within a year and an inter-regional broadband network for internet.The three communities also resolved to coordinate their master plans for regional transport and energy within 12 months.Comesa secretary general Stephen Karangizi said the areas identified as starting points for cooperation among the member states include infrastructure development for regional integration and trade.Karangizi said infrastructure development includes developing energy generation and transmission facilities, transport networks, telecommunication and ICT infrastructure.The chairperson of the EAC Coordination Committee, Charles Gasana, said during the summit that the three regions need to rely more on trade rather than aid to fight poverty in Africa.He said that this mind shift would rid the continent of the stigma it has as the world’s poorest continent. Gasana also said that trade cannot be promoted if countries set barriers that inhibit flow of goods among each other.“We have instituted policies that encourage smooth flow of goods among each other and some members are even offering better terms of trading to developed countries.” He challenged the delegates to start offering the good terms of trade to their neighbours rather than to developed countries.Some of the challenges that the free-trade agreement will have to overcome include the multiple memberships of some countries to various trade blocs and fear of the weaker economies of being flooded by goods from their stronger counterparts like South Africa and Egypt.United states of AfricaThe summit’s host, Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni, told those gathered for the event, that regional integration was a powerful strategic tool for the group to use since it could ensure the prosperity of all it represents.He said the heads of states should see the move as more than just a trade agreement but an opportunity to create politically stable climates, “Economic integration is not enough. There is need for political integration which will bring about a common army to protect the interests of Africa.“Apart from the economic injustice by the developed world, their overwhelming military superiority is a threat to the future of Africa.”Museveni added that the time has arrived for a united Africa to start protecting its resources,“Some people are saying they want to build their superiority on water, air and land. Where does this leave us?” he asked the participants. “Why should Africans insure cars and bicycles but do not insure Africa?”The three economic regions enter into the agreement as already well-established entities in their own right.The SADC was first established in 1980, as the Southern African Development Coordination Conference in a bid to increase the participation of other countries in the then apartheid South Africa.After dwindling in subsequent years, the organisation was reincarnated as the Southern African Development Community in 1992.In 2006, it was estimated that the SADC region pulled a GDP of R437-trillion ($379-billion.)Some of the social and human development and special programmes that the SADC preside over between regions includes its Hiv/Aids programmes, which has been operational for the past 20 years. They also facilitate the “Roll back Malaria” campaign, aimed at eradicating the number of unprotected people in malaria-rife areas.The region’s social desk also runs education and skills development programmes; these are aimed at building capacity amongst the poor and unemployed.Comesa was established in 1994 and replaced the Preferential Trade Area. Its 20 member states are Angola, Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.According to its objectives, Comesa strives to create a level playing field, i.e. one that allows free and fair competition within the principles of market economics.The countries are engaged in issues of prevention and post-conflict reconstruction, strengthening of democratic infrastructure, and development of a vibrant culture.It includes 398-million people and in 2006, the area had a combined GDP of R33-trillion ($286.7-billion.)The smallest of the three, EAC, had a GDP of R537-trillion ($46.6-billion) in 2006. Established in 1967, disagreements between founding members Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania led to its collapse.On 30 November 1999, 32 years after the demise of the EAC, a treaty was signed, re-establishing the organisation and on 7 July 2000, the EAC officially started its work again.The EAC aims at widening and deepening co-operation among the partner states in, among others, political, economic and social fields for their mutual benefit. In 2005, the EAC countries established a Customs Union and are currently working towards the establishment of a Common Market by 2010.Some of its other future plans include; a Monetary Union by 2012 and a Political Federation of the East African States.Related StoriesBetter government across Africa The African Union SADC Africa: fast facts Angola heads for democracy SADC free trade area launchedUseful linksCOMESA SADCEACAfrican UnionSouth African PresidencyDo you have any comments or queries about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at: [email protected]last_img read more

Coetzee called up for Hockey World Cup

first_img30 May 2014World record goalscorer Pietie Coetzee has made a surprise return to the Investec South Africa women’s hockey team following the withdrawal of double-Olympian Lenise Marais only days before the start of the Hockey World Cup in The Hague.Due to pressing work commitments – and in her typical, low-key fashion – superstar Coetzee, the scorer of a phenomenal 280 goals in 281 test matches, had made a quiet early exit from the World Cup reckoning for the four-yearly showpiece that begins on Sunday for South Africa.However, the enforced withdrawal of Marais this week, following a leg injury, gave Coetzee the chance to come in at a late hour for the event that runs through until 15 June.A pleasant surpriseGoing into her fourth World Cup odyssey, which began in Utrecht in The Netherlands in 1998, Coetzee said before late afternoon training on Thursday that her participation was a pleasant surprise, but it was unfortunate to come following Marais’ sad news.“Yes, I feel for Leno [Lenise], but at the same time it is great to be here,” Coetzee said.“We beat [non-World Cup side] Italy 5-2 in a training game this [Thursday] morning and my fitness is good,” she added.South African captain Marsha Cox, like Coetzee, said she felt for Marais, but welcomed the star striker back into the fold.ExcitingGoing into her fourth World Cup, Cox is a triple Olympian, the same as Coetzee, and is an icon in South African hockey and women’s sport. She said the forthcoming World Cup is a more exciting prospect now than ever before in her career, which began way back in 2001.“It’s even more special in that the men’s tournament is taking place at the same time and at the same venue,” said Cox, now a resident of Amsterdam, who is married to The Netherlands assistant coach Alexander Cox.Cox, who has represented the South African national team in a record 332 test matches, said the spirit in the side is good and preparation for the showpiece event has been productive. Apart from playing Italy, it has included training matches against back-to-back Olympic champions, world number one and 2010 World Cup finalists The Netherlands (0-3) and world number eight Korea (3-0).‘Busy with the details’South African head coach Giles Bonnet declared himself happy with the team’s preparations: “We are just busy with the details now, the small things, prepping for our first match on Sunday and looking forward to it.”The girls in green and gold meet reigning World Cup champions, world number two, and London 2012 Olympic finalists Argentina at 19:45 on Sunday.Unprecedented live broadcastAll the World Cup matches are at South African time (there is no time difference with The Netherlands) and an unprecedented all 76 men’s and women’s games will be televised live on SuperSport, which recently came on board as the South African national men’s team event sponsors.The South African men meet back-to-back Olympic champions Germany in their opener at 10:30 on Sunday.SAinfo reporterlast_img read more