SANTA CLARA – Kyle Shanahan’s third training camp is afoot, and the 49ers coach has more talent to work with than the camps that preceded 6-10 and 4-12 seasons.Quarterback Jimmy Garoppolo is back, with a rebuilt knee. The defense’s pass rush is upgraded, with ex-Kansas City star Dee Ford and yet-to-be-signed rookie Nick Bosa. From one position group to the next, more cohesion exits, as does more competition.Thus, a winning season is much more realistic than a year ago, when false hope …
South African president Kgalema MotlantheAnd Ugandan president Yoweri Museveniarriving at the Tripartite Summit inKampala. African leaders at the sitting of the firstmeeting of the three regional economicblocs.(Images: Daily Nation)Khanyi Magubane Heads of states of 26 African countries belonging to three economic regions across the continent, have resolved to merge the blocs into a single regional market.The first ever tripartite summit, held in Kampala Uganda on 21 October, brought together 26 leaders of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), the East African Community (EAC), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).All three regions have agreed to establish a free trade community and a single customs union.This will stretch from South Africa to Egypt and from the Democratic Republic of Congo to Kenya.South Africa’s President Kgalema Motlanthe represented the SADC region as its chairperson. He said that the launch of the free trade bloc would place the African continent in a stronger position to respond effectively to intensifying global economic competition.Speaking to delegates, Motlanthe said, “Our convening here today reflects a profound recognition that sustainable integration into the global economy requires a commitment to an irreversible process of building economic, political and social unity.”Motlanthe also emphasised the importance for African countries to have strong economic ties with each other in the wake of the current global financial crises sweeping through the west.“The process we have embarked on today marks an important step towards the realisation of building an economic bloc in today’s challenging world that will increase the levels of intra-African trade.”Kenyan Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Trade Uhuru Kenyatta, also echoed Motlanthe’s views and said that the tripartite conference has come at the right time when international financial markets are tumbling, “It is important to acknowledge that the global financial crisis, soaring oil and food prices may lead to the weakening of our economies and deterioration of the global economic outlook.”The merger, bound to create the largest free trade area in Africa, will in total, combining the three regions, represent a population of over 248-million people and have a combined Gross Domestic Product of R749-trillion (US$650 billion)The roll out planDuring the summit, it was revealed that the three blocs would have a single airspace within a year and an inter-regional broadband network for internet.The three communities also resolved to coordinate their master plans for regional transport and energy within 12 months.Comesa secretary general Stephen Karangizi said the areas identified as starting points for cooperation among the member states include infrastructure development for regional integration and trade.Karangizi said infrastructure development includes developing energy generation and transmission facilities, transport networks, telecommunication and ICT infrastructure.The chairperson of the EAC Coordination Committee, Charles Gasana, said during the summit that the three regions need to rely more on trade rather than aid to fight poverty in Africa.He said that this mind shift would rid the continent of the stigma it has as the world’s poorest continent. Gasana also said that trade cannot be promoted if countries set barriers that inhibit flow of goods among each other.“We have instituted policies that encourage smooth flow of goods among each other and some members are even offering better terms of trading to developed countries.” He challenged the delegates to start offering the good terms of trade to their neighbours rather than to developed countries.Some of the challenges that the free-trade agreement will have to overcome include the multiple memberships of some countries to various trade blocs and fear of the weaker economies of being flooded by goods from their stronger counterparts like South Africa and Egypt.United states of AfricaThe summit’s host, Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni, told those gathered for the event, that regional integration was a powerful strategic tool for the group to use since it could ensure the prosperity of all it represents.He said the heads of states should see the move as more than just a trade agreement but an opportunity to create politically stable climates, “Economic integration is not enough. There is need for political integration which will bring about a common army to protect the interests of Africa.“Apart from the economic injustice by the developed world, their overwhelming military superiority is a threat to the future of Africa.”Museveni added that the time has arrived for a united Africa to start protecting its resources,“Some people are saying they want to build their superiority on water, air and land. Where does this leave us?” he asked the participants. “Why should Africans insure cars and bicycles but do not insure Africa?”The three economic regions enter into the agreement as already well-established entities in their own right.The SADC was first established in 1980, as the Southern African Development Coordination Conference in a bid to increase the participation of other countries in the then apartheid South Africa.After dwindling in subsequent years, the organisation was reincarnated as the Southern African Development Community in 1992.In 2006, it was estimated that the SADC region pulled a GDP of R437-trillion ($379-billion.)Some of the social and human development and special programmes that the SADC preside over between regions includes its Hiv/Aids programmes, which has been operational for the past 20 years. They also facilitate the “Roll back Malaria” campaign, aimed at eradicating the number of unprotected people in malaria-rife areas.The region’s social desk also runs education and skills development programmes; these are aimed at building capacity amongst the poor and unemployed.Comesa was established in 1994 and replaced the Preferential Trade Area. Its 20 member states are Angola, Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.According to its objectives, Comesa strives to create a level playing field, i.e. one that allows free and fair competition within the principles of market economics.The countries are engaged in issues of prevention and post-conflict reconstruction, strengthening of democratic infrastructure, and development of a vibrant culture.It includes 398-million people and in 2006, the area had a combined GDP of R33-trillion ($286.7-billion.)The smallest of the three, EAC, had a GDP of R537-trillion ($46.6-billion) in 2006. Established in 1967, disagreements between founding members Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania led to its collapse.On 30 November 1999, 32 years after the demise of the EAC, a treaty was signed, re-establishing the organisation and on 7 July 2000, the EAC officially started its work again.The EAC aims at widening and deepening co-operation among the partner states in, among others, political, economic and social fields for their mutual benefit. In 2005, the EAC countries established a Customs Union and are currently working towards the establishment of a Common Market by 2010.Some of its other future plans include; a Monetary Union by 2012 and a Political Federation of the East African States.Related StoriesBetter government across Africa The African Union SADC Africa: fast facts Angola heads for democracy SADC free trade area launchedUseful linksCOMESA SADCEACAfrican UnionSouth African PresidencyDo you have any comments or queries about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at: email@example.com
The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Related Posts Twitter will continue to add new features to Vine on both the iPhone and Android apps, including the capability to use the front-facing camera, search funtionality, Twitter mentions and hashtags and the ability to share Vine videos on Facebook. Vine will only be available to users on Android devices running version 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich or higher. dan rowinski Tags:#Android#twitter Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Android users rejoice: Twitter’s popular Vine app has finally come to Google’s mobile operating system.Vine, the app that allows people to take short videos and post them to Twitter through their smartphones, has only been available to iPhone users since Twitter launched it in January this year. The app has proven popular, with 13 million users, according to Twitter. Now that Vine has reached Android, expect that number to grow very quickly.Vine for Android is a little bit different than it is for the iPhone. Twitter said that it is working to make the two flavors have the same capabilities in upcoming updates. The Vine for Android app lets you create the standard six-second video with sound and looping playback, an “Explore” button to discover popular Vine videos, a “Find Friends” feature where you can invite others to join and the ability to digitally zoom, the latter unavailable in the iPhone version.
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Two civilians and a policeman were killed in a militant attack in Kulgam district of south Kashmir on Saturday night, while one militant was killed in retaliatory action, police said.One of the militants was killed, while another was injured in retaliatory firing by police, Director General of Police S.P. Vaid informed.The militant killed has been identified as Fayaz Ahmed alias Setha who was wanted by the NIA in Udhampur terror case.The militants, travelling in a car, opened fire at a police team which had gone to Mir Bazaar area to investigate a road accident, the DGP said.He said the police also retaliated and even managed to snatch a pistol from one of the militants.“Four bodies were found at the spot. Two of the deceased are civilians and one policeman has been martyred,” Vaid said.He said the fourth deceased was a militant who was carrying a grenade and some ammunition.“While one militant has managed to escape, we are following the blood trail of another who was injured in the police action,” the DGP added.
Gautam Gambhir hit a century and Suresh Raina played a decisive 65-run knock to power India to a five-wicket win over Sri Lanka in the third ODI on Saturday. After electing to bat, Sri Lanka put on an impressive 286 for five with Kumar Sangakkara, Angelo Matthews and skipper Mahela Jayawardene each scoring half-centuries.Sri Lanka were off to a poor start as they were three down with just 20 runs inside sixth over.Zaheer gave the visitors the first breakthrough as he sent back last match’s half-centurion Tillakaratne Dilshan (4) in his second over of the innings.Sri Lanka managed just 24 runs from the batting powerplay with just two boundaries and the loss of Sangakkara.Chasing 287 to win, India overhauled the target with two balls to spare and took a 2-1 lead in the five-match series.Gambhir’s 11th ODI ton could have gone down the drain had Raina not played that heroic innings in company of Irfan Pathan down the order.The two-left handers added 92 runs in their unconquered sixth-wicket partnership and piloted India to highest ever successful run chase on the Sri Lankan soil.Raina hit his 23rd half-century with six fours and one six, while Pathan’s innings had three boundaries.